On the date of the date, Facades World will offer you various constructive materials that will be of great help. Knowing that the architectural market is very varied and is constantly changing, we believe that these copies can solve some doubts that, surely, make their works or ideas something completely unique.
Due to the rise of the ideas of sustainability, energy efficiency and respect for the environment by which we are surrounded today, in the construction environment it will no longer be enough for the building to be the most spectacular, the most expensive or the tallest, It will also be necessary that the constructions be respectful with the planet, of quality and that they consume little energy. Here are some of these innovative materials.
Mostly the synthetic tiles They are made of recycled plastics and limestone, their benefits are due to the fact that they are sustainable, around 50% cheaper than traditional ones, have a useful life of more than 50 years and are then 100% recyclable.
Another option is the photovoltaic tiles, which in this case is a more expensive product than the traditional one, but which ends up being profitable thanks to the energy generated.
Fiber panels and composites
These panels are a good idea to apply in enclosures, interior partitions and roofs. An interesting product are the panels formed by a combination of kevlar, fiberglass and carbon fiber which turn out to be a more economical 30% and 3 times more resistant than a traditional brick partition.
This is a synthetic material, so it is immune to rodents and insects and this also makes it have a longer shelf life. Of course, it is efficient and totally ecological. This is an insulating material, which has many benefits, including energy savings of up to 50%, produces 100 times less waste than brick and is 100% recyclable.
If we want to replace the traditional brick In favor of any other material that is cheaper, more efficient and that pollutes the least in its production, there are several alternative solutions to the traditional baked clay brick, some are glass or plastic recycled treatments and others start from pressed natural as compressed earth.
One of the options is Durabric, a brick that is made by mixing water, earth and cement, compressing the mixture in a mold and allowing it to set naturally, without fire. With this process, up to 14 trees are saved for each house built, since wood is not used as fuel in the manufacture of brick. By avoiding the firing process, Durabric reduces greenhouse gas emissions by up to ten times compared to traditional fired bricks. In terms of cost, building a wall with Durabric is 20% cheaper than with fired clay bricks.
Another interesting product is Biomason, a ecological brick which, although it seems incredible, is generated from microorganisms. This ecological alternative does not release CO2 in its production and is cheaper, since it comes from natural resources. The Biomason brick is created at room temperature, feeding the microorganisms with materials such as sand and generating conditions in which they begin to produce crystals until, finally, they give rise to a brick.
Counter-laminated wood panels
The MGA architecture studio and DVVD engineering have developed massive wooden panels, which can be up to 2,40 x 20 meters and in various thicknesses, and can be used directly as structural material. Is about cross-laminated panels, formed by layers of wood arranged longitudinally and transversely, glued together, forming plates of solid wood.
About us Altermateria He has built a building of 6 tall plants using these wooden plates. In addition, since wood is better insulator than concrete, these buildings have a better thermal behavior and are more energy efficient. Of course, the use of paneled and its derivatives are not limited only to the structure of buildings but can be extended to interior partitions, facades, etc.
Self-healing concretes and concretes
The University of Alicante has recently presented a transparent and flexible resin able to self-repair after being cut with scissors. Simply put the two parts in contact to rejoin it in a few 15 seconds. In addition, it also has shape memory, so whether it is crushed or manipulated, it regains the original shape in a few seconds. It is a material still experimental but that could have multiple applications in the construction, as for example in enclosures, constructive joints or even combined with other materials.
Along the same path, researchers from the Technological University of Delft have developed a bio-concrete capable of self-repair. The process is reminiscent of the Biomason bricks. It consists of introducing into the concrete a new additive composed of small capsules containing bacteria and calcium lactate, when the capsules are broken (by the action of water that penetrates the cracks) the activity of the bacteria causes a chemical reaction that creates solidified limestone and insoluble. In the event of cracks in the concrete, this process would be activated that would fill and repair them. This bio-concrete has already been successfully tested at a lifeguard station in the Netherlands.
La solar paint It is still under development but, at the University of Sheffield, they have created the first spray capable of transforming any type of surface into a solar energy panel thanks to a mineral called perovskite, which has the property of absorbing light. Its efficiency is 20% compared to 25% achieved by silicon solar panels, but this lower efficiency makes up for it with its easy application on almost any imaginable surface. Another of its advantages is capacity to generate energy even in conditions of low solar luminosity and a lower cost than the photovoltaic panel. Undoubtedly this painting would eliminate many barriers when it comes to the implementation of photovoltaic systems.